[General Taekwondo Information]

OLIMPO  



The Korean Language

SIMBOLOS DEL TAEKWON-DO

 

PUNTOS VITALES

 

LENGUAJE DEL TAEKWON-DO

 

MI GALERIA

  •  

The phonetics are put here by myself, it might be the case that you would write the words a different. Sound files are provided for proper pronunciation.

Special thanks goes out to (and I hope I didn't mix their first- and last-names ;-):

        Jeong Manho

        Kim Changjin

        Koh Dong Joo

        Park Wondae (voice)

for giving me a better understanding of the language and helping me to improve this page.

Stances (Sohgi)


The following words are often used as commands. If this is the case, the name of the stance is usually followed by the command "Joonbi", which means to get ready into that stance. 'Naranhi' sohgi is the beginning of each style form. It is not common to give this stance as a command, so here only the term 'joonbi' is used.

[Sound]

Naranhi Sohgi

 

'Parallel' stance

[Sound]

Pyonhi Sohgi

 

Ready stance (i.e. "at ease")

[Sound]

Moa Sohgi

 

'Closed feet' stance

[Sound]

Ahp Sohgi

 

Walking stance

[Sound]

Ahpkubi Sohgi

 

Forward stance

[Sound]

Dwikubi Sohgi

 

Backward stance

[Sound]

Juchoom Sohgi

 

'Horse riding' stance

[Sound]

Bum Sohgi

 

'Tiger' stance

[Sound]

Koa Sohgi

 

'Twisted' stance

Blocking techniques (Maggi)

[Sound]

Ahre maggi

 

Low block

[Sound]

Momtong maggi

 

Middle block

[Sound]

Eolgul maggi

 

High block

[Sound]

Geudeureo maggi

 

Fidt of one arm supports the other arm by the elbow

[Sound]

Sonnal-bakat maggi

 

Block with knifehand, from inside to outside

[Sound]

Gawi maggi

 

"Scissor" block: With one hand ahre maggi, the other one a momtong-bakat maggi

[Sound]

Eotgalyo maggi

 

'X'-block

[Sound]

Hechyo maggi

 

'Wig'-block

[Sound]

Bituro maggi

 

Twisting block

Arm techniques

[Sound]

Eolgul jireugi

 

High punch

[Sound]

Momtong jireugi

 

'Middle' punch

[Sound]

Sonnal mok anchigi

 

With knifehand strike at neck

[Sound]

Pyeonsonkut jireugi

 

Spear fingers

[Sound]

Doobeon jireugi

 

Double punch

[Sound]

Kaljaebi

 



'Strangle' punch

Kicking techniques (Chagi)

[Sound]

Ahp-cha-gi

 

Front kick

[Sound]

Dolryo-cha-gi

 

Round kick

[Sound]

Naeryo-cha-gi

 

Axe kick/Downward kick

[Sound]

Yop-cha-gi

 

Side kick

[Sound]

Dwi-cha-gi

 

Backward kick

[Sound]

Hooryo-cha-gi

 

Hook kick

[Sound]

Bandae-dolryo-cha-gi

 

Spinning hook kick

[Sound]

Dwi-dolryo-cha-gi

 

Spinning hook kick

Counting

[Sound]

Hana

 

one

[Sound]

Tul

 

two

[Sound]

Set

 

three

[Sound]

Net

 

four

[Sound]

Tasot

 

five

[Sound]

Yosot

 

six

[Sound]

Ilgob

 

seven

[Sound]

Yudol

 

eight

[Sound]

Ahop

 

nine

[Sound]

Yeol

 

ten

 11. Yeol Hanna              - eleven
 12. Yeol Tul                - twelve
 13. Yeol Set                - thirteen
 ...                         - ...
 20. SeuMool                 - twenty
 21. SeuMool hanna           - twenty one
 22. SeuMool tul             - twenty two
 ...                         - ...
 30. SoReun                  - thirty
 40. MaHeun                  - forty
 50. Sheen                   - fifty
 60. YeSoon                  - sixty
 70. IlHeun                  - seventy
 80. Yudoon                  - eighty
 90. AHeun                   - ninety
100. Bak                     - hundred
        

The following words are of chinese origin and are mostly used as "1st, 2nd etc." (The first Taeguk: Poomse Taeguk Il Jang)

  1. Il                      - 1st
  2. Ee                      - 2nd
  3. Sam                     - 3rd
  4. Sah                     - 4th
  5. Oh                      - 5th
  6. Yook                    - 6th
  7. Chil                    - 7th
  8. Pal                     - 8th
  9. Koo                     - 9th
 10. Sip                     - 10th
 11. Sip Il                  - 11th
 ...                         - ...
 20. Ee sip                  - 20th
 21. Ee sip il               - 21st
 ...                         - ...
 30. Sam sip                 - 30th
 31. Sam sip il              - 31st
 40. Sah sip                 - 40th
 50. Oh sip                  - 50th
 60. Yook sip                - 60th
 70. Chil sip                - 70th
 80. Pal sip                 - 80th
 90. Koo sip                 - 90th
100. Il Bak                  - 100th
        

The body

[Sound]

Mom

 

body

[Sound]

Eolgool

 

Upper body (i.e. head and neck)

[Sound]

Momtong

 

Middle part of body (trunk)

[Sound]

Ahre

 

Lower part of body (i.e. legs and feet)

[Sound]

Meo-li

 

Head

[Sound]

Mok

 

Neck

[Sound]

Myung chi

 

Solar plexus

[Sound]

Pal

 

Arm

[Sound]

Palkoop

 

Elbow

[Sound]

Palmok

 

Forearm

[Sound]

Son

 

Hand

[Sound]

SonMok

 

Wrist

[Sound]

JuMeok

 

Fist

[Sound]

Dari

 

Leg

[Sound]

Murup

 

Knee

[Sound]

Baal

 

Foot

[Sound]

Apchook

 

Ball of foot

Competition

Gyorugi                      - sparring
HohGoo                       - body protector
Charyeot                     - attention stance
Kyeongre                     - bow
Joonbi                       - ready
Jeon                         - round
Il-hoejeon                   - first round
Shijak                       - start fight
Kallyo                       - pause
Kuman                        - end fight
Kam-Jom-Hana                 - penalty point
Kyeongo-Hana                 - warning
Hong                         - red
Chong                        - blue
Boo Sang                     - injury
        

The disciplines of Taekwondo

Poomse                       - style-forms
Hosinsul                     - self-defense
Gyorugi                      - sparring
Kyepka                       - breaktest
        

Tenets of Taekwondo

Ye ui                        - courtesy
Yom chi                      - integrity
In nae                       - perseverance
JahJeh                       - self-control
Baekjool                     - indomitable spirit
               

Directions

Ahp                          - front
Dwi                          - back
Bandae                       - reverse
Bakat                        - outer
An                           - inner
Anuro                        - inward
Bakuro                       - outward
OhReun                       - right
Wen                          - left
               

Miscellaneous

Kibon dongjak                - fundamental practice
Poomse/ Hyong                - style figures
Daeryon                      - step sparring
Sajoe daeryon                - four-direction movement
Pan ja yu                    - semi contact fight
Gyorugi                      - full contact fight
Hosinsool                    - self-defense
Paegi                        - freeing techniques
Kihap                        - powerful yell, to collect and
                               focus internal energy
Chagi                        - kick
Chigi                        - attack with hand
Jiroegi                      - punch
Dan                          - black belt degree: 1st - 10th degree
Gup                          - colored belt degree: 10th (white) -
                               1st (red-black)
Dobok                        - Taekwondo uniform
Tie                          - belt
Dojang                       - practice gym
Kwan                         - school
Sabeom Nim                   - instructor
Kam sa hamnida               - Thank you
CheonMaNeYo                  - You're welcome
               



 

Volver